The knee is a weight-bearing joint that is subject to wear and tear damage
over time. Many people also develop orthopedic conditions that affect
the knee, such as osteoarthritis or fractures. When the knee develops
persistent pain and functional limitations that aren’t relieved
by nonsurgical treatment options, patients might consider talking to a
surgeon at the Orthopedic and Spine Institute at
Mercy Hospital. Depending on the situation, a knee reconstruction or replacement procedure
might be recommended.
Two of the most widely used procedures performed on damaged or diseased
knee joints are partial knee replacement and total knee replacement surgeries.
Alternatively, some patients may be
good candidates for articular cartilage restoration or knee osteotomy. Each of these surgical approaches have advantages and
disadvantages; only an orthopedic surgeon can determine which one might
be right for any particular patient.
Patients with damage that is limited to just one compartment of the knee
might be candidates for partial knee replacement, in which just one part
of the joint is resurfaced and replaced with artificial components. More
widespread knee problems might necessitate a total knee replacement. Active
patients who are within a normal weight range and are able to fully straighten
the knee may be good candidates for knee osteotomy, which involves cutting
and reshaping the bone. Finally, young patients with a single lesion of
the knee cartilage might be candidates for articular cartilage restoration.
Before undergoing a repair or replacement procedure, patients should fully
understand the potential risks and the recovery process. Generally, partial
knee resurfacing and replacement is associated with a shorter recovery
time than total knee replacement. There may be less blood loss and less
post-operative pain. However, a partial replacement is associated with
less predictable pain relief and patients may require a total replacement
in the future. After repair or replacement surgeries, it may take several
months for a full recovery. With any repair or replacement procedure,
there is the possibility that revision surgery will be needed.
Orthopedic and Spine Institute at Mercy Hospital, you’ll find extensive patient support
services, including educational classes, a dedicated orthopedic patient
navigator, and inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation services. Joint
reconstruction and replacement procedures are routinely performed by our
highly trained specialists in orthopedics in Miami. For general information
about our orthopedics, you can call our Consult-A-Nurse line at (305) 854-4400.